Berger, Kathy Pezdek, William P.
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Cognitive Approach | Simply Psychology
Recommend to Librarian. Shopping Cart Summary. Items Subtotal. View Cart. Offline Computer — Download Bookshelf software to your desktop so you can view your eBooks with or without Internet access. The country you have selected will result in the following: Product pricing will be adjusted to match the corresponding currency. Humanistic psychologist Carl Rogers believes that the use of laboratory experiments by cognitive psychology have low ecological validity and create an artificial environment due to the control over variables.
Rogers emphasizes a more holistic approach to understanding behavior.
The information processing paradigm of cognitive psychology views that minds in terms of a computer when processing information. However, although there are similarities between the human mind and the operations of a computer inputs and outputs, storage systems, the use of a central processor the computer analogy has been criticised by many.
Such machine reductionism simplicity ignores the influence of human emotion and motivation on the cognitive system and how this may affect our ability to process information.
Behaviorism assumes that people are born a blank slate tabula rasa and are not born with cognitive functions like schemas , memory or perception. The cognitive approach does not always recognize physical re: biological psychology and environmental re: behaviorism factors in determining behavior. Cognitive psychology has influenced and integrated with many other approaches and areas of study to produce, for example, social learning theory , cognitive neuropsychology and artificial intelligence AI.
Another strength is that the research conducted in this area of psychology very often has application in the real world. The basis of CBT is to change the way the persons processes their thoughts to make them more rational or positive. Atkinson, R. Chapter: Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. In Spence, K. The psychology of learning and motivation Volume 2. New York: Academic Press. Beck, A. Beck Anxiety Inventory Manual. San Antonio: Harcourt Brace and Company.
Hollon, S. Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies. Garfield Eds.
New York: Wiley. An aspect of Gestalt psychology. Miller, G.
The magical number seven, plus or minus two: some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review , 63 2 : 81— Tolman E. Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review.
Wiener, N. Cybernetics or control and communication in the animal and the machine.source url
MIT Press. McLeod, S. Cognitive psychology. Simply Psychology. Toggle navigation.
Instead of the simple stimulus-response links proposed by behaviourism, the mediational processes of the organism are important to understand. Without this understanding, psychologists cannot have a complete understanding of behaviour. For example: Input processes are concerned with the analysis of the stimuli. Output processes are responsible for preparing an appropriate response to a stimulus.
Cognitive psychology is a pure science, based mainly on laboratory experiments. Behavior can be largely explained in terms of how the mind operates, i. The mind works in a way similar to a computer: inputting, storing and retrieving data. Mediational processes occur between stimulus and response.